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Stalin-era USSR funds

General Sandino's Campaign

Comintern agents assist effort.

Stalin personally steps in.

The History of the USSR & the Peoples’ Democracies

Chapter 4, Section 13 (C4S13) 

 

Saed Teymuri

 

The renowned Nicaraguan revolutionary General Sandino, after whom the Sandinistas were named, has long been hailed by progressive bourgeois-democrats and communists for leading the popular rebellion against American imperialists in Central America. Less known, however, is the Soviet financial support for Sandino’s revolution via the All-American Anti-Imperialist League (AAAIL). In the words of a former fellow at the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies:

The [US] State Department reported that the AAAIL sent $48,000 to Sandino in April, through Mexico, with an additional $15,000 from the Soviets directly to Mexico. (The Invaded: How Latin Americans and Their Allies Fought and Ended U.S. Occupations, Oxford University Press, Alan McPherson, 2014, p. 222) (IMG)

During “the Comintern’s VIth congress in 1928,” the CIA reported,:

a resolution praising the SANDINO revolt in Nicaragua was adopted…. (International Connections of Venezuelan Communism, CIA, January 22, 1959, p. 14) (IMG)

As such, as confirmed by the US State Department foreign service officer Cole Blasier:

The executive committee of the Communist International, attracted by the political turmoil in Central America, urged anti-imperialists everywhere to help Sandino in his fight against “American imperialism” and established the Hands Off Nicaragua committee to oppose U.S. policy. (The Giant’s Rival: The USSR and Latin America, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, Cole Blasier, 1983, p. 136.)

Latin American communists affiliated to the Comintern communists formed the Anti-Imperialist League and the Hands Off Nicaragua committee, sending another $1000 through the latter to Sandino:

The Anti-Imperialist League was founded by the Anti-Imperialist Congress, which met in Brussels in February 1927…. The Latin American delegates included Gustavo MACHADO, as well as Julio Antonio MELLA (Cuba) and Eudocio RAVINES (Peru). A Continental Committee of the League was set up in Mexico with MELLA as its prime mover and MACHADO as a member. (International Connections of Venezuelan Communism, CIA, January 22, 1959, p. 14) (IMG)

Latin American Communists associated with the League organized a “Hands Off Nicaragua” Committee (Manos Fuera de Nicaragua – Mafuenic), which undertook to raise funds for SANDINO. The $1,000 that was raised was sent to SANDINO by means of MACHADO. (International Connections of Venezuelan Communism, CIA, January 22, 1959, p. 14) (IMG)

When elements in the Comintern and the North American communist movement began pursuing a Trotskyite, left-deviationist, and sectarian line, condemning General Sandino as a ‘petty bourgeois adventurer’, Joseph Stalin personally held a session with the heads of the Comintern, CPSU, and Latin American communists. According to a Sandinista journal, Stalin opined:

General Augusto César Sandino was a patriot who defended his country from the invasion of foreign troops. (El día que Stalin reivindicó a Sandino, La Voz Del Sandinismo, March 20, 2013) (IMG)

However, Stalin said,:

According to this resolution, he is a vulgar “petty bourgeois adventurer.” (El día que Stalin reivindicó a Sandino, La Voz Del Sandinismo, March 20, 2013)

He continued:

Comrades, I would like to know, on behalf of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, who are guilty of such a serious mistake…. (El día que Stalin reivindicó a Sandino, La Voz Del Sandinismo, March 20, 2013) (IMG)

Stalin finally declared:

as regards the Communist Party of the USSR and the Communist International, we will continue to consider General Sandino and his heroic companions as patriots who defend their country against foreign aggressors and that, in our opinion, the decision of the Colonial committee from the Communist Party of USA (CPUSA) is a gross mistake. (El día que Stalin reivindicó a Sandino, La Voz Del Sandinismo, March 20, 2013) (IMG)

 

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Photo credit: Nicaragua celebrará el tránsito a la inmortalidad del Gral. Augusto C. Sandino / Cortesía https://www.tn8.tv/nacionales/nicaragua-celebrara-el-transito-a-la-inmortalidad-del-gral-augusto-c-sandino/